People with obsessive thoughts and compulsive activities are said to have obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Anybody, even youngsters, can be affected by this illness. This illness typically develops in early adulthood, while some individuals may experience symptoms as early as puberty.
Typically, OCD sufferers have intrusive, unpleasant thoughts, pictures, and desires that make them feel anxious or disgusted. According to science, there is no recognized cause of OCD.
Serotonin, a neurotransmitter that some nerve cells use to interact with one another, is still thought to affect specific brain parts differently in patients with OCD. Other factors include changes in living circumstances, the loss of a loved one or another traumatic event, a history of abuse, excessive activity, issues at work or school, or interpersonal issues.
Obsessions and compulsions are fairly frequent and affect everyone at some time. Obsessions and compulsions that interfere with daily tasks are OCD symptoms. Examples of obsessive thoughts leading to OCD include the dread of making mistakes and the fear of germs or filth.
Unfortunately, there is no complete cure for OCD; however, you can use an OCD treatment that provides relief from the symptoms. OCD sufferers receive a variety of therapies depending on their condition. And the top 5 OCD treatment options you can consider are explained in this article.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
The best OCD treatment is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which includes several highly effective approaches like exposure and response prevention and cognitive restructuring. People who receive CBT see changes in a matter of weeks.
The obsessive thoughts that are causing them great distress are temporarily relieved by this therapy, which also dissolves the automatic link between obsessive thinking and ritualistic compulsive activity. Additionally, it aids individuals in avoiding ritualizing when they are feeling anxious.
Common CBT techniques for OCD
- Exposure & Response Prevention Therapy
- Progressive Muscle Relaxation
- Deep Breathing Exercises
- Cognitive Restructuring
Exposure and Response Therapy
It is a behavioral therapy that puts patients in settings that make them more likely to become fixated. It aids them in avoiding compulsive behaviors. A therapist works with OCD patients to change how they react to the stimuli by exposing them to the source of their fear, either by exposure in the real world or through imaginative exposure.
The primary goal of this therapy is to confront concerns without resorting to compulsive behavior, which is commonly employed to reduce anxiety. It is the most successful treatment for OCD.
Medication, which affects many chemical messengers to improve brain cell communication, is the next effective treatment for OCD. Improvements can be seen after up to 12 weeks of treatment for anxiety and medication. The following are some of the treatments that are used to treat OCD:
- Selection serotonin-reuptake inhibitors
- Tricyclic antidepressants
It makes use of psychoanalytic and transference-focused therapeutic tenets. Through unconscious thoughts, this therapy aids patients in understanding the relationship between recent experiences and their moods and behavior.
It aids individuals in comprehending the underlying causes of their responses to anxiety, the cause of their disease. And it teaches people that to advance, they must understand their circumstances.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
It is a medical procedure that uses magnetic fields to increase brain activity. It uses a recurrent magnetic field pulse to relax the brain regions responsible for OCD symptoms. During the procedure, an electromagnetic coil is applied to your scalp near your forehead to administer a magnetic pulse that activates your brain’s nerve cells. The required 30 sessions are divided into three courses of 10 sessions each.
These are the 5 top OCD treatments used for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Children, adults, and elderly patients will all receive different therapies. Your OCD will also notice a significant improvement with the therapies.